Skip to content


Personal tools
You are here: Home » World » Iraq » Iraq Under Saddam

Iraq under Saddam

Document Actions

The Anfal campaign against the Kurds

(Published: 2005-01-06 07:02 PM)
This report is a narrative account of a campaign of extermination against the Kurds of northern Iraq. It is the product of over a year and a half of research, during which a team of Middle East Watch researchers has analyzed several tons of captured Iraqi government documents and carried out field interviews with more than 350 witnesses, most of them survivors of the 1988 campaign known as Anfal. It concludes that in that year the Iraqi regime committed the crime of genocide. Anfal- "the Spoils" - is the name of the eighth sura of the Koran. It is also the name given by the Iraqis to a series of military actions which lasted from February until September 6, 1988. While it is impossible to understand the Anfal campaign without reference to the final phase of the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War, Anfal was not merely a function of that war. Rather, the winding-up of the conflict on Iraq's terms was the immediate historical circumstance that gave Baghdad the opportunity to bring to a climax its longstanding efforts to bring the Kurds to heel. For the Iraqi regime's anti-Kurdish drive dated back some fifteen years or more, well before the outbreak of hostilities between Iran and Iraq.
External link: /docs/anfal-1

New Iraq Mass Grave May Contain 500 Bodies - PM

(Published: 2004-12-15 04:47 AM)
SULAIMANIYA, Iraq (Reuters) - Labourers digging on a construction site in northern Iraq uncovered human skulls and bones on Tuesday, which interim Prime Minister Iyad Allawi said were part of a mass grave believed to contain some 500 bodies.

The Iraqi Government Assault on the Marsh Arabs

(Published: 2004-11-26 07:09 AM)
This Briefing Paper details the ongoing campaign by the Ba'athist government of Iraq against the Ma'dan or so-called Marsh Arabs-the mostly Shi'a Muslim population that inhabits the marshlands (al-ahwar) in southern Iraq around the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Numbering some 250,000 people as recently as 1991, the Marsh Arabs today are believed to number fewer than 40,000 in their ancestral homeland. Many have been arrested, "disappeared," or executed; most have become refugees abroad or are internally displaced in Iraq as a result of Iraqi oppression. The population and culture of the Marsh Arabs, who have resided continuously in the marshlands for more than 5,000 years, are being eradicated.


(Published: 2004-11-26 07:00 AM)
Amnesty Iinternational Report (24 November 1999). This report addresses the range of Amnesty International concerns about human rights violations committed in Iraq in recent years, including arbitrary arrest and detention, torture, the death penalty, possible extrajudicial executions and forcible expulsion of non-Arabs. INDEX: MDE 14/010/1999

Medscape reports : Many Physicians in Iraq Forced to Participate in Torture

(Published: 2004-04-03 11:57 PM)
Under threats of murder to themselves or family members, many physicians in Iraq were coerced into participating in torture and other human rights abuses since 1988, according to an article by Physicians for Human Rights.
Created by keza
Last modified 2005-01-06 07:04 PM

Powered by Plone

This site conforms to the following standards: